Hydropower station is that energy obtained from using the potential energy of a water course to first convert it into mechanical energy and then in electricity. A hydropower plant is a set of facilities and equipment necessary to perform this energy transformation.
Between the hydropower plants it is considered mini hydraulic plants, those with less than 10 MW power installed.
Within the category of. mini hydraulic plants there are the micro hydraulic plants that are those with a power lower than 1MW and the pico hydraulic plants with less than 100 kW power.
According to the site of the hydropower station it is realized the following general classification:
The energy obtained in mini hydraulic plants offers the following environmental benefits:
The socio-economic benefits include:
Many of these advantages of hydropower are shared with other renewable sources of energy such as sun or wind. Doing a comparison with other renewable technologies it is important to emphasize the following advantages: